Lot et Garonne, a welcoming and generous department of just over 300,000 inhabitants, is bordered by Périgord to the north-east, the Landes to the south-west, Gers to the south and by two large regional cities linked by the A62 passing through Agen : Bordeaux and Toulouse.
It is a country of transition between Quercy and Landes, hilly, crossed by two superb rivers, the Lot and the Garonne which meet at Aiguillon. Essentially rural, the Lot et Garonne is a land generous in agricultural production, bathed in orchards and fertile land, vines, fields and crops. Prunes, tomatoes, Buzet wines, Duras, melons, strawberries, asparagus... It is the main agricultural department of the Aquitaine Region.
It is a region of good living and eating well, of mixtures of cultures and conviviality, an agricultural region always attracting labor from elsewhere. Today, the tourist attractions of Lot et Garonne are numerous, country of Bastides and Castles, of rural and river tourism (200km of waterways) of orchards and multiple outdoor activities, it is a place of tourism in the at the same time cultural, relaxing, sporting and gastronomic.
The climate of Lot et Garonne is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, so it is oceanic and mild, but less rainy and windy than its neighbor in the Landes, hot and often humid and stormy in summer. The average thermal amplitude between summer and winter is more marked than in the Landes and a little less than in Périgord in the North, it is a region of climatic transition where we will however note certain extreme weather phenomena, severe frosts in winter, and sometimes stifling heat in summer.
Land of History, of Henri IV and Jeanne d'Albret, located between Bordeaux and Toulouse, between Guyenne and Languedoc, the Lot et Garonne has often been tossed about between several influences. The Agenais first belonged to Aquitaine in the first centuries of our era, before being subjected to wars between the King of France and that of England, often passing from one influence to another, upstream or downstream from Agen.
Sometimes under Toulousaine, English, Bordelaise influence, the Lot et Garonne as we know it today has long had very indecisive borders, overlapping jurisdictions, some looking more towards Toulouse, others towards Bordeaux, not to mention the powerful family d'Albret who exercised his authority in the region of Nérac. In addition, the Garonne river has long been considered as an essential geographic border between the North and the South of the region.
With Louis XI, the Agenais it is definitely turned towards the Bordelais, its parliament and the government of Guyenne. Formed in 1790, the limits of Lot et Garonne as we know them today date from 1808, it is at this time that the limits with the newly created Tarn et Garonne were fixed in the South East.
However, things were not easy, certain regions turning more naturally towards the Dordogne in the North, the Gers in the South or the Landes in the South West. Likewise, the choice of the capital between Agen and Aiguillon gave rise to debate, Aiguillon arguing for its privileged and natural geographical position at the confluence of the Lot and the Garonne, it was however Agen sui was designated Chief Place because of its historical weight.
We propose to present them to you in our chapter "Visit of the Lot et Garonne", go quickly take a close look and you will discover an overview of the historical, architectural and natural riches of each of these regions :
The Lot et Garonne lists a number of treasures : Castles, Churches, Priories, Mills, Museums, Natural Sites, a multitude of reasons to stay in the region to be discovered in detail in the chapter "Tourist Sites".
The products of Lot et Garonne are for some very famous, here is a small overview :
Visit our Gastronomy chapter !
Discover our chapter "Catering"
A multitude of activities will be offered to you to discover the riches of the Lot et Garonne, bike rides along one of the region's many cycle paths, walks on a footpath, boat trips on the 200km of waterways of the department, rivers, rivers or canals, nautical activities in the Lot valley, rugby... a multitude of activities to discover in our chapter "Sports and Leisure".
Randonnée © Guide du lot et garonne
The Lot et Garonne is a high place of celebrations, festivals, cultural and culinary events throughout the year, among which :
Jean Pierre Fourcade, Jean François Poncet, Bernard Palissy, Bernard Campan, Francis Cabrel, Chimène Badi, Michel Polnareff, Paul Guth, Michel Serres, Jean Nouvel, André Téchiné, Maurice Mességué, Philippe Sella, Albert Ferrasse, as many from Lot and Garonnais who proudly convey the colors of their region.